Installing Docker on Ubuntu is simple because Ubuntu provides Docker in its repositories. However, Docker is not available in CentOS's default repositories.
- Installation Steps of Docker CE on CentOS 8/RHEL 8 Server Step:1) Enable Docker CE Repository As we said above, docker packages are not available anymore on CentOS 8 or RHEL 8 package repositories, so run following dnf command to enable Docker CE package repository.
- Mar 11, 2020 How to Install and Setup Docker CE on CentOS 8 / RHEL 8. Docker is an open source project which allows the creation and distribution of applications inside containers, which are standardized environments that can be easily replicated, independently from the host system.
Fret not, there are three ways you can install docker on a CentOS Linux system.
Installing Docker CE in Red Hat 8. First thing we need to do is to install some prerequisites and then we can get onto install Docker CE (Community Edition). We will use dnf config manager to add the repo for docker in our environment. The default repos for RH8 are appstream and baseos.
To install a specific version of Docker, start by listing the available releases. Type the following in your terminal window: yum list docker-ce -showduplicates sort –r. The system should give you a list of different versions from the repositories you have enabled above. Install the selected Docker version with the command. To install the latest version of Docker, run the commands below. If you want to install a specific Docker version, skip this step and go to the next one. Sudo apt updatesudo apt install docker-ce docker-ce-cli containerd.io; To install a specific version, first list all the available versions in the Docker repository. The steps shared here are for the installation of Docker CE on RHEL 7 Linux. Docker is the main dominant container runtime engine used for Development and running of micro-serviced applications in production.
- Using docker's repository
- Downloading the RPM
- Using helper scripts
Here, I'll walk you through the installation process of Docker CE using docker's RPM repository.
Docker CE stands for Docker Community Edition. This is the free and open source version of Docker. There is Docker EE (Enterprise Edition) with paid support. Most of the world uses Docker CE and it is often considered synonymous to Docker.
Installing Docker on CentOS
Install Docker Ce Centos 8 Iso
Before going any further, make sure you have the system updated. You can update the CentOS using:
Step 1: Add the official repository
Add docker's official repository using the following command
You should also update the package cache after adding a new repository:
Step 2: Install Docker CE
The trouble with using a custom repository is that it may have dependency issue if you try installing the latest version of docker-ce.
For example, when I check the available versions of docker-ce with this command:
I got docker-ce-3:19.03.9-3.el7 as the latest version. But the problem in installing the latest version is that it depends on containerd.io version >=1.2.2-3. Now, this version of containerd.io is not available in CentOS 8.
To avoid this dependency cycle and battling them manually, you can use the
--nobest option of the dnf command.
It will check the latest version of docker-ce but when it finds the dependency issue, it checks the next available version of docker-ce. Basically, it helps you automatically install the most suitable package version with all the dependencies satisfied.
To install docker in CentOS without getting a migraine, try this command and see the magic unfold on your terminal screen:
You'll be prompted to import a GPG key, make sure the key matches to
060A 61C5 1B55 8A7F 742B 77AA C52F EB6B 621E 9F35 before entering 'y'.
containerd.io is a daemon for managing containers. Docker is just one form of Linux containers. To make the various types of container images portable, Open Container Initiative has defined some standards. containerd is used for managing the container images conforming to OCI standard.
Setting up docker on CentOS
Alright! You have docker installed but it's not yet ready to be used yet. You'll have to do some basic configurations before it can be used smoothly.
Run docker without sudo
You can run docker without any sudo privileges by adding your user to the
The docker group should already exist. Check that using the following command:
If this outputs nothing, create the docker group using groupadd command like this:
Now add your user to the
docker group using the usermod command:
Change the user_name in the above command with the intended user name.
Now log out and log back in for the group change to take effect.
Start docker daemon
Docker is installed. Your user has been added to the
docker group. But that's not enough to run docker yet.
Before you can run any container, the docker daemon needs to be running. The docker daemon is the program that manages all the containers, volumes, networks etc. In other words, the daemon does all the heavy lifting.
Start the docker daemon using:
You can also enable docker daemon to start automatically at boot time:
Verify docker installation by running a sample container
Everything is done. It's time to test whether the installation was successful or not by running a docker container.
To verify, you can run the cliché hello-world docker container. It is a tiny docker image and perfect for quickly testing a docker installation.
If everything is fine, you should see an output like this:
Here's what the command is doing behind the hood:
- The docker client, i.e. the command line tool that you just used, contacted the docker daemon.
- The daemon looked for hello-world docker image in the local system. Since it doesn't find the image, it pulls it from Docker Hub.
- The engine creates the container with all the options you provided through the client's command line options.
This hello-world image is used just for testing a docker installation. If you want a more useful container, you can try running Nginx server in a container like this:
Once the command is done running, open up a browser and go to http://your_ip_address:56788. I hope you know how to know your IP address in Linux.
You should see nginx server running. You can stop the container now.
Install Docker Ce On Centos 8
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